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Cattle being vaccinated in South Sudan

Raising and selling livestock is the main source of income for much of the population in newly-independent South Sudan, so taking preventative measures to ensure that cattle, goats and sheep thrive is key to preserving food security within the nation, IRIN reports.

According to a recent report from the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), nearly 80 percent of the people in South Sudan rely on livestock as their livelihood.

However, outbreaks of east coast fever have had dismal effects on communities - outbreaks in just two cattle camps in the Juba district in 2011 amounted to more than $134,000 in losses for the people.

"[The] impact of disease on the livelihood of the communities/household might include inadequate access to food, health facilities, educational opportunities, community participation and social interaction," the FAO report stated.

In an effort to stop and prevent further spreading of black quarter fever, east coast fever and haemorrgaic speticemia, humanitarian groups and the FAO will spend $1.95 million in South Sudan to vaccinate cattle.

The hope is that 70 percent of the nation's animals will get the proper vaccinations, which will allow citizens to continue to have a means to a living. 
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